Overall, in the “decades” timeframe, the current Secular Bull Market could turn out to be among the shorter Secular Bull markets on record. This is because of the long-term valuation of the market. Which, after only eight years, has reached the upper end of its normal range.
The long-term valuation of the market is commonly measured by the Cyclically Adjusted Price to Earnings ratio, or “CAPE”. This measureor smooths out shorter-term earnings swings to get a longer-term assessment of market valuation. A CAPE level of 30 is considered to be the upper end of the normal range, and the level at which further PE-ratio expansion comes to a halt (meaning that increases in market prices only occur in a general response to earnings increases, instead of rising “just because”).
Of course, a “mania” could come along and drive prices higher – much higher, even – and for some years to come. Manias occur when valuation no longer seems to matter, and caution is thrown completely to the wind as buyers rush in to buy first and ask questions later. Two manias in the last century – the 1920’s “Roaring Twenties” and the 1990’s “Tech Bubble” – show that the sky is the limit when common sense is overcome by a blind desire to buy. But, of course, the piper must be paid and the following decade or two are spent in Secular Bear Markets, giving most or all the mania gains back.
US Stock Market
The US equity market posted a positive return, outperforming both non-US developed and emerging markets in the second quarter.
Large cap value stocks underperformed large cap growth stocks in the US; however, small cap value stocks outperformed small cap growth.
There was a positive size premium, as small cap stocks generally outperformed large cap stocks in the US.
For International stocks, In US dollar terms, developed markets outside the US underperformed the US but outperformed emerging markets during the second quarter.
Value underperformed growth in non-US developed markets across large and small cap stocks.
Small caps underperformed large caps in non-US developed markets.
Fixed Income Markets
In fixed income markets, interest rates increased in the US during the second quarter. The yield on the 5-year Treasury note rose 17 basis points (bps), ending at 2.73%. The yield on the 10-year T-note rose 11 bps to 2.85%. The 30-year Treasury bond yield climbed 1 bps to 2.98%.
The 1-month Treasury bill yield rose 14 bps to 1.77%, while the 1-year Treasury bill yield increased 24 bps to 2.33%. The 2-year Treasury note yield finished at 2.52% after increasing 25 bps.
In terms of total return, short-term corporate bonds gained 0.29%, while intermediate-term corporate bonds declined 0.10%.
Short-term municipal bonds added 0.66%, while intermediate-term municipal bonds returned 0.81%. Revenue bonds performed in-line with general obligation bonds, returning 0.90% and 0.87%, respectively.